Care for people with physical disabilities
Mobilization of patients is achieved by our own strength or with the help of equipment adapted for people with reduced mobility. External mobility aids or equipment are called technical aids.
Reduced mobility is understood as reduced mobility when it is affected by anatomical functional losses to a degree greater than or equal to 33%, or when they make the use of public transport very difficult or pose serious problems of movement.
Technical aids for dependent or semi-dependent persons are systems used by a disabled person to prevent, compensate, reduce or neutralize an impairment, disability or handicap.
How to lift an older adult out of bed
Follow these steps to transfer a patient from bed to a wheelchair. The following technique assumes that the patient can stand on at least one leg. If the patient cannot use at least one leg, you will need to use an elevator to transfer the patient. Preparation
Discuss the steps thoroughly before you act, and get help if necessary. If you are not able to assist the patient yourself, you could injure yourself and the patient. Make sure any loose rugs are out of the way to prevent slipping. You may need to put non-skid socks or shoes on the patient’s feet if the patient needs to stand on a slippery surface. The following steps should be followed:Getting the patient ready to be transferred
Before transferring to the wheelchair, the patient should be seated. Allow the patient to sit for a moment, in case the patient feels dizzy when getting into the seated position.The following steps should be performed when preparing to move a patient:Pivot Turn
How to get a patient out of bed
On numerous occasions, dependent elderly people do not know how to get out of bed by themselves due to lack of mobility. In these cases, they require the help of a caregiver to do it safely. To lift bedridden patients or an elderly person out of bed:
There are occasions when the lack of reduced mobility is high and the elderly person is wheelchair-bound. In this case, the lifting process is somewhat different. To transfer a patient from a bed to a wheelchair you must:
How to care for people with different disabilities
Royal Decree 1544/2007, of November 23, 2007, regulating the basic conditions of accessibility and non-discrimination for the access and use of modes of transport for people with disabilities.
Law 51/2003, of December 2, 2003, on equal opportunities, non-discrimination and universal accessibility for people with disabilities, established the reference framework to progressively advance in the adoption and implementation of measures to guarantee and enforce the right to equal opportunities for people with disabilities in accordance with articles 9.2, 10, 14 and 49 of the Constitution.
The regulation of the aforementioned basic conditions would be framed within the provisions of the aforementioned articles of the Constitution, which enshrine the principles of freedom, equality and participation, as well as attention to persons with disabilities, guaranteeing minimum levels extendable to the entire State, without which territorial imbalances could occur that would generate discrimination and disadvantages to the citizen group of persons with disabilities.