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The aforementioned responsibilities are part of the so-called Preventive Services of Occupational Medicine (SPMT) conceptualized by the RFSST as those provided internally or externally by specialized personnel or under their supervision and preferably with knowledge in occupational medicine. Their main purpose is to participate in the prevention of occupational hazards, to provide first aid in the workplace, as well as to orient and train the staff on health care and health promotion.

The SPMTs configure an internal regime of the corporations that implies a series of responsibilities among which is, as mentioned above, to provide first medical attention in a timely and efficient manner, as required by number 49, section III of the RFSST; therefore, employers must comply with this provision, with the understanding that if the event entails more serious consequences for the physical and mental integrity of the injured party, then he/she must be referred to the nearest hospital to the work premises.

CPR first aid cases

If you are afraid to do CPR or are not sure how to do CPR correctly, you should know that it is always better to try than to do nothing. The difference between doing something and doing nothing can be a person’s life.

Compressions mean that you will use your hands to press hard and fast in a specific way on the person’s chest. Compressions are the most important step in CPR. Follow these steps to do CPR compressions:

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If you are trained in CPR and have performed 30 chest compressions, open the person’s airway by tilting the person’s head and lifting the chin. Place the palm of your hand on the person’s forehead and gently tilt the person’s head back. Then, with your other hand, gently lift the person’s chin forward to open the airway.

Rescue breathing can be mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose if the mouth is severely injured or cannot be opened. Current recommendations suggest rescue breathing using a bag and mask device with a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter.

What not to do in case of emergency first aid

First aid is the immediate attention given to an injured person. Well rendered first aid can save a person’s life until he/she is taken to a medical assistance center, such as hospitals, IPS or clinics.

First aid are the techniques that are provided in a company when a worker has an accident, the theoretical and practical knowledge that workers have in this technique can save lives.

It can be said that first aid is not as easy as it seems to be, there are many techniques that must be taken into account to save life, especially in the five minutes after the accident.

One of the techniques to save the life of an injured person is the PAS, these acronyms are the initials of the word protect, warn and rescue, these three words are a roadmap with which the rescuer addresses the situation in case of an accident.

These techniques are learned in theoretical and practical courses given by entities such as Red Cross, AMI, EPS, with trained and certified personnel. First aid training consists of three levels, namely basic, intermediate and advanced, it is important that companies train their employees in these three levels, once trained, emergency brigades can be formed.

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Who can provide first aid

To know if an injured person is conscious, we will ask him what has happened to him. If he answers, we will rule out the existence of respiratory arrest. If he does not answer then we will have to provoke a painful stimulus by pinching him to observe his reactions (moaning, eye opening, head movements, etc.).

If the casualty is unconscious, there are two possibilities: breathing or not breathing. To check the presence of breathing in an injured person, the rescuer must use sight, hearing and touch, for it will bring his own cheek or the back of his hand to the mouth-nose of the injured and, looking at the chest, you can observe the thoracic or abdominal movement and listen to the outflow of air.

IF BREATHING: No further exploration of vital signs is necessary.    Immediately begin the Secondary Evaluation: control of bleeding, treatment of wounds and immobilization of fractures and, provided there is no trauma, we will place him in the Lateral Safety Position.  If the injured person is breathing but has trauma, we will not move him. In both cases we will continue to monitor his vital signs, waiting for the requested help to arrive.